We can use VBA to check if a cell is blank and run the remaining statements. Sometimes, we need to determine and make sure a particular range is not empty before proceeding to the next statements. This example will help you to know how to check if a cell or a range is blank or not using Excel VBA. This can be used in Excel 2003,2007,2010,2013.

VBA code to check if a cell is blank – Syntax

Here is the example Excel VBA Syntax to check if a cell is blank or not. The below macro will check whether a Range A1 is blank or not.

If Cells(1, 1) = "" Then
 ... Statements to execute if the Cell is Empty 
Else
 ...statements to execute if Cell is not Blank.
end if

VBA code to check if a cell is blank – Example

Here is the example macro to check if a cell is blank or not. The below macro will show a message box based on the Cell.

Sub vba_code_to_check_if_a_cell_is_blank()
    If Cells(1, 1) = "" Then
        MsgBox "Cell is Blank"
    Else
        MsgBox "Cell is not blank"
    End If
End Sub

VBA code to check if a cell is blank – Better Example: Avoid Empty Spaces

Sometimes, A cell or rang looks blank and we notice that the condition is failing. It is because of the empty spaces in the cell. So, whenever you want to check if a cell is empty, you can trim the Cell value and check it.

Sub vba_code_to_check_if_a_cell_is_blank()
     'use trim to avoide blank spaces
    If Trim(Cells(1, 1)) = "" Then
        MsgBox "Cell is Blank"
    Else
        MsgBox "Cell is not blank"
    End If
End Sub

VBA code to check if a cell is blank – Instructions

Please follow the below step by step instructions to test this Example VBA Macro codes:

  • Step 1: Open a New Excel workbook
  • Step 2: Press Alt+F11 – This will open the VBA Editor (alternatively, you can open it from Developer Tab in Excel Ribbon)
  • Step 3: Insert a code module from then insert menu of the VBE
  • Step 4: Copy the above code and paste in the code module which have inserted in the above step
  • Step 5: Enter some sample data at range A1 to check if the cell is blank or not using VBA.
  • Step 6: Now press F5 to execute the code or F8 to debug the Macro to check the if Range A1 is blank or not

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By Published On: January 20th, 2015Categories: VBA

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About the Author: PNRao

PNRao is a passionate business analyst and having close to 10 years of experience in Data Mining, Data Analysis and Application Development. This blog is his passion to learn new skills and share his knowledge to make you expertise in Data Analysis (Excel, VBA, SQL, SAS, Statistical Methods, Market Research Methodologies and Data Analysis Techniques).