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ADO Excel VBA – SQL Connecting to Database Example Macros helps to connect the different data sources from Excel VBA. Select, Delete,Update Records set.

In this Section:

What is ADO?

ADO Stands for ActiveX Data Objects, is Microsoft’s Client-Server technology to access the data between Client and Server.  ADO can’t access the data source directly, it will take help of OLE DB Provider to communicate with the data source.  Most of the times OLE DB providers are specific to a particular Data Source Type. However, we have an OLE DB provider for ODBC, it is a general purpose provider with help of this ADO can access any Data source which can understand ODBC.
ADO in Excel VBA - Connecting to a database using SQL -example-1

What is Database?

Database (DB) is a collection of information organized in such a way that a computer program can easily understand and read the data. And the Database Management System (DBMS) are designed to understand and interact with other computer applications to perform the different operations on the data. MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, Oracle, and IBM DB2 are some of the well know DBMS.

Generally the information stored in the data in the form of tables, and a table is designed with set of records (rows) and fields (columns).

You can use Microsoft Excel to store some data, where an Excel workbook will act as a data source, worksheet will be a table and the rows and the columns of the worksheet will be records and the fields of the table.

What is SQL?

SQL Stands for Structured Query Language, ADO use SQL commands to communicate with the databases. Following are the most commonly used SQL commands to deal with the databases:

SELECT command used to retrieve the data from a data source
INSERT command used to insert the records to a data source
UPDATE command used to modify the existing records of the data source
DELETE command used to delete the records from a data source

adodb.connection VBA Reference

adodb.connection VBA Reference helps as to refer ADO in Excel VBA. We can use ADO in Excel VBA to connect the data base and perform data manipulating operations. We need add ‘Microsoft Activex Data Objects Library’ from References to reference the ADO in VBA. Here is the adodb.connection VBA Reference screen-shot.

adodb.connection VBA Reference

ADO in Excel VBA – Practical Learning: Using ADO and SQL with VBA

To retrieve the data from any data source into Excel using ADO:
1. We have to Open the connection to the Data Source
2. We need to run the required SQL command
3. We have to copy the resulted record set into our worksheet
4. We have to close the record set and connection

We will  consider the Excel workbook as data source and we will connect to the worksheet (table) to retrieve the data. In this example we will get the data from Sheet1 to Sheet2 using ADO.

Assuming you have an excel workbook with the following data in Sheet1, as shown below.

EmpID EmpName EmpSalary










ADO in Excel VBA - Connecting to a database using SQL -example-2

Step 1:Add reference for Microsoft Activex Data Objects Library

ADO in Excel VBA - Connecting to a database using SQL -example-3
1. Go to VBE (Alt+F11) and Select References.. from Tools Menu.
2. Then select ” Microsoft Activex Data Objects Library” from the list.
3. And Create sub procedure to write the code:

Sub sbADOExample()
'We will write the code here 
End Sub
Step 2: Create the Connection String with Provider and Data Source options

Dim sSQLQry As String
Dim ReturnArray

Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset

Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String

DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName 'Refering the sameworkbook as Data Source

'You can provide the full path of your external file as shown below
'DBPath ="C:InputData.xlsx"

sconnect = "Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=" & DBPath & ";HDR=Yes';"
'If any issue with MSDASQL Provider, Try the Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB:
'sconnect = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" & DBPath _
    & ";Extended Properties=""Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1"";"

Step 3: Open the Connection to data source
Conn.Open sconnect
Step 4: Create SQL Command String
      sSQLSting = "SELECT * From [Sheet1$]" ' Your SQL Statement (Table Name= Sheet Name=[Sheet1$]) 
Step 5: Get the records by Opening this Query with in the Connected data source
       mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn
Step 6: Copy the reords into our worksheet
        Sheet2.Range("A2").CopyFromRecordset mrs
Step 7: Close the Record Set and Connection
           'Close Recordset

          'Close Connection

So, the final program should look like this:
Sub sbADOExample()
Dim sSQLQry As String
Dim ReturnArray

Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset

Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String

DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName

'You can provide the full path of your external file as shown below
'DBPath ="C:InputData.xlsx"

sconnect = "Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=" & DBPath & ";HDR=Yes';"

'If any issue with MSDASQL Provider, Try the Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB:
'sconnect = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" & DBPath _
    & ";Extended Properties=""Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1"";"

Conn.Open sconnect
    sSQLSting = "SELECT * From [Sheet1$]" ' Your SQL Statement (Table Name= Sheet Name=[Sheet1$])
    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn
        '=>Load the Data into an array
        'ReturnArray = mrs.GetRows
        '=>Paste the data into a sheet
        Sheet2.Range("A2").CopyFromRecordset mrs
    'Close Recordset

'Close Connection

End Sub

Example File

You can download the example files here and explore it. Getting Data Using ADO (Using MSDASQL Provider)

Getting Data Using ADO (Using MSDASQL Provider)

Download the Example File: ANALYSIS TABS – Getting Data Using ADO (Using Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB Provider)

Getting Data Using ADO (Using Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB Provider)

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Categories: Excel VBATags: Last Updated: December 19, 2022


  1. Vandana August 7, 2013 at 4:49 PM

    Nice tutorial- Thanks!

  2. lisa Pereira February 12, 2014 at 7:33 AM

    Nice one.. I am trying to pull multiple values from one parameter in excel, for example. I need to pull the parameter from Range(“a2”) separated by commas,
    how can I do this?

  3. PNRao February 25, 2014 at 11:58 PM

    Hi Lisa,

    Assuming you have data at A1 as “1st,2nd,3rd,4th” and you want to separate it.

    You can use Split function to separate the values. Please see the following code.

    fullText=Range(“A1″).Value ‘i.e; fullText=”1,2,3,4″

    Now your array contains the comma delimited values:
    arraySplitValues(0) contains 1st
    arraySplitValues(1) contains 2nd
    arraySplitValues(2) contains 3rd
    arraySplitValues(3) contains 4th

    You can print the values at any Range like:

    or you can loop the entire array to print all values:

    For iCntr=0 to ubound(arraySplitValues,1)
    Cells(iCntr+1,2)=arraySplitValues(iCntr) ‘ this will print all the values in the B Column

    Please explain your question in more detailed,so that I can help you in better way.


  4. Stephen March 24, 2014 at 7:39 AM

    Hi – great article! 2 questions:
    1. Do you have to install the ActiveX Object library 2.8 on every machine that uses this Excel file? I ask because I need to set up multiple files for multiple users who could benefit from this functinality (ADODB + SQL queries vs. Linked spreadsheets).
    2. Do you know how to create an auto-install program for these MS library features? I ask because I don’t prefer to guide every user through the installation procedure.

    Thanks again!

  5. PNRao March 24, 2014 at 11:13 PM

    Hi Stephen,
    Thanks for your comments! Please see my answers below:
    1.You do not required to install ActiveX Object library in every machine, by default it is installed when user have installed in MS Office.
    2.I think the above information answers this question too…

    To help you in understanding clearly: ActiveX Object Library is .DLL file which is installed with your office installation. You need to this reference this in your code, to use the ADO functionality in Excel VBA.

    When you successfully write any code using ADO by referring ActiveX Object Library in your workbook. You can send the file to any one, it should work automatically in any system.

    Hope this helps.

  6. Lisa Pereira June 18, 2014 at 5:00 AM

    Hi PN,
    You are awesome , i love this site.have used your ideas and has helped me a lot. love it..
    What i needed to know was that having pulled the record set into sheet :-
    1) I want to use the values listed in rows in column A
    2) transpose them into a cell and use these values to pull another query record-set with the IN statement.
    is there a way to do this in one connection only or open another connection.?
    let me know if this is possible.

  7. PNRao June 19, 2014 at 12:11 AM

    Hi Lisa,
    How are you doing! Thanks for your feedback!
    Yes, this can be done. Here is an example case:
    To explain this, I have entered some data in ADO sheet of the example file (available at end of the article)
    Step1: Entered 1 at Range A2, 2 at Range A3
    The I concatenate these values at C1 using the below formul
    -> =A2&”,”&A3
    i.e; Now you can see ‘1,2’ at C1, I want to pass this in my SQL IN Operator, So – I changed the SQL Query string as follows:

    Step2: sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [DataSheet$] where Quarter IN (” & Range(“C1”) & “);”
    i.e; it will form the query as ‘SELECT * From [DataSheet$] where Quarter IN (1,2);’

    Step3: Now executed and got the required values in the ADO sheet.

    Hope this helps!

  8. Jon McNeil July 1, 2014 at 9:58 PM

    Thanks PN,

    This is working nicely. The only thing that I cannot appear to fix is that when one user has the source file open (from which the data comes from) the other user, who is using the destination file (where the data is pulled to), opens a read-only source file when they run the macro. Is there a way round this?
    The source file is only supposed to be viewed by one person whereas the destination file is for multiple users

    Thanks in advance,


  9. Shubhangi July 1, 2014 at 11:24 PM

    I used this code to connect to MS Access 2007 database but am getting a runtime error and an application error when I try to open the same. I used DSN as MS Access Database and Provider as Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0.
    Please help.

  10. PNRao July 2, 2014 at 3:35 PM

    Hi Subhangi,

    Please check if the required OLEDB is installed or not. You can download it the from here:
    If you are still facing the issue – try to use the MSDASQL provider.

  11. Noz July 3, 2014 at 3:24 PM

    This is very well explained, if this had been available when I was first learning it would have save me loads of time. Do you have something similar on how to insert into SQL tables from excel?

  12. PNRao July 4, 2014 at 12:48 AM

    Hi Noz, Thanks for your comments!

    Yes, you can write insert query, you can download the example file and change the query string as follows:
    sSQLSting = “INSERT INTO [DataSheet$](Quarter, Sales) Values(2,5000)”

    and comment the below line, as insert query will not return any values.
    ‘ActiveSheet.Range(“A2”).CopyFromRecordset mrs

    Now your ADO procedure should look like this:

    Sub sbADO()
    Dim sSQLQry As String
    Dim ReturnArray

    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset

    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String

    DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName

    'You can provide the full path of your external file as shown below
    'DBPath ="C:InputData.xlsx"

    sconnect = "Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=" & DBPath & ";HDR=Yes';"

    Conn.Open sconnect
    'sSQLSting = "SELECT * From [DataSheet$]" ' Your SQL Statemnt (Table Name= Sheet Name=[DataSheet$])
    sSQLSting = "INSERT INTO [DataSheet$](Quarter, Sales) Values(2,5000)"
    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn
    '=>Load the Data into an array
    'ReturnArray = mrs.GetRows
    '=>Paste the data into a sheet
    'ActiveSheet.Range("A2").CopyFromRecordset mrs
    'Close Recordset

    'Close Connection

    End Sub

  13. Jaishree Ramani July 10, 2014 at 8:08 PM

    hello, this really helps when you have a simple query.. would you be kind enough to provide an example for a parameter query (multiple) i.e for dates say selct* from table data between fromDate and toDate?

  14. PNRao July 11, 2014 at 1:29 AM

    Sure, you change the query to suits your requirement.
    For example:
    I have changed the query sting from sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [DataSheet$]” to sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [DataSheet$] Where Quarter Between 2 And 4” in the example file. And now it will pull the data if the quarter is between 2 and 4.

    For your requirement, sSQLSting will be something like below:

    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [DataSheet$] Where YOUR_Date_Varibale Between ‘LowerDate’ And ‘UpperDate'”

    If Dates creates any problems, try to use date values.

    Hope this helps-Thanks-PNRao!

  15. Jaishree Ramani July 11, 2014 at 6:57 PM

    Hi Sir,
    that works but I am having issue with the parameters dates as my query below
    “O.DELIVERY_DATE BETWEEN :”From date” AND :”To Date” ) . how do i setup the parameters in vba to ensure that the record-set only pulls data in ‘DD-MMM-YYYY’ format. right now i have the dates converted to text(“dd-mmm-yyyy”) but when the data is returned its shows up in ‘mm/ddd/yyyy’ .

    note :i have the user to input the dates..

  16. PNRao July 12, 2014 at 1:05 PM

    You can create the query string use as shown below:

    FromDate = 1 / 1 / 2010
    ToDate = 12 / 30 / 2012
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [DataSheet$] Where O.DELIVERY_DATE Between ” & FromDate & ” And ” & ToDate

    And your excel, default date format is ‘mm/ddd/yyyy’, you can format the dates using either sql or VBA.

    In VBA it is like this: Format(YourDate,”mm-dd-yyyy”)


  17. Jaishree Ramani July 14, 2014 at 8:21 PM

    Hi Sir,
    my code is
    userInput (“Pls type FromDate”) ,FromDate
    userInput (“Pls type ToDate”) ,ToDate
    FromDate = format(FromDate,”dd-mmm-yyyy”)
    ToDate = format(ToDate,”dd-mmm-yyyy”)

    …..”AND O276054.DELIVERY_DATE BETWEEN ” & FromDate & ” And ” & ToDate & _ ”

    i tried that but i keep getting error ‘saying missing expression..’
    what am i doing wrong??

  18. PNRao July 15, 2014 at 10:56 AM

    I could not find any issue in the code. As per the Error message, something wrong with the query string. Could you please provide me the complete query string.

    Or you can try this: You can use Debug.Print YourstrQery, now look into the Immediate Window to see the resulted query.

    You can send me the file with some dummy data to our email id:


  19. Nigel July 18, 2014 at 7:29 PM

    Hello, very good site .. quick question do you have an example for record-sets and Pivot tables or cross-tabs.?
    i have an issue which I am trying to merge two query’s into one record-set and Pivot them into a cross report?
    something similar to what Discoverer does. but I am trying to combine aggregate data points with Detail data points into one sheet without errors..(that’s why the two query s)

    please direct in a right direction if this is doable???

  20. PNRao July 20, 2014 at 12:31 AM

    Hi Nigel,

    Please look into the example below:

    'Add reference for Microsoft Activex Data Objects Library

    Sub sbADO()
    Dim sSQLQry As String
    Dim ReturnArray

    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset

    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String

    DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName

    'You can provide the full path of your external file as shown below
    'DBPath ="C:InputData.xlsx"

    sconnect = "Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=" & DBPath & ";HDR=Yes';"

    Conn.Open sconnect
    sSQLSting = "SELECT * From [DataSheet$]"

    '***********> You can change this query as per your requirement (Join / Union)

    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn

    'Set record set as a pivot table data source
    Set objPivotCache = ActiveWorkbook.PivotCaches.Add( _
    Set objPivotCache.Recordset = mrs
    With objPivotCache
    .CreatePivotTable TableDestination:=Range("G20"), _
    End With

    'Close Recordset

    'Close Connection

    End Sub

    Hope this helps! Thanks-PNRao!

  21. Gavrav July 24, 2014 at 1:59 PM

    I would like to automate my daily process by using VBA and macro actually my doubt is there any solution for instead of copying and pasting the query statement to SSMS 2005 which is stored in excel.So by making that statements as link or by clicking some command buttons to pass that query to SSMS and thus the statement should be executed automatically by using ODBC conn or OLEDB data sources. Is it Possible ???

  22. PNRao July 24, 2014 at 2:53 PM

    Hi Gavrav,

    Yes – we can do this. You can simply record a macro and fetch the data using tools in Data menu tab.


  23. Ricky Dobriyal July 26, 2014 at 9:39 PM

    Hi All,
    I am very glad that I visited this website and would like thank you for giving such valuable info.
    I have one question in VBA while using ADO and database as excel how we can use where condition and other query on excel sheet like below example of this website.

    sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”

    Conn.Open sconnect
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [DataSheet$] WHERE ” ‘ Your SQL Statemnt (Table Name= Sheet Name=[DataSheet$])

    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn
    ‘=>Load the Data into an array
    ‘ReturnArray = mrs.GetRows
    ‘=>Paste the data into a sheet
    ActiveSheet.Range(“A2”).CopyFromRecordset mrs
    ‘Close Recordset

    Here is only select condition used. Please help me how we can use different SQL condition.

    Another question how we can connect to MYsql database using VBA?

    Please help me in the above questions and thanks a ton in advannce.


  24. PNRao July 26, 2014 at 9:49 PM

    Hi Ricky,

    Thanks for your comments.

    Please check the codes provided in the comments section, I have given the example queries which you have mentioned.

    And regarding MySQL, you can use the following connection string:
    sconnect = “DRIVER={MySQL ODBC 5.1 Driver};” & _ “SERVER=[Server];” & _ “DATABASE=[Database];” & _ “USER=[UserName];” & _ “PASSWORD=[Password];” & _ “Option=3”

    And replace [Server], [Database], [UserName] and [Password] with the respective original server name, database, User and Password.

    If your system is not insstalled MySQL, then you have to download and install MYSQL ODBC Driver:

    Hope this helps!

  25. Nigel July 29, 2014 at 8:32 PM

    Hi Pn,
    Thanks your previous example works perfectly. would you be able to help with multiple record sets. I need to add the second query record-set in between the data of the first record set after exporting to sheet.

  26. Nigel July 30, 2014 at 5:30 AM

    Hi PN, sorry hope if didn’t confuse you with my inquiry.. I will provide an example
    I need to combine two record sets as I cannot put them in one query due to the data constraints.
    query1= “select Total_DLV , AVAIL_DLV between date1 and date2 from Table1″ into Sheet1
    query2=”select Sch_DLV , between date1 and date2 from Table2” into Sheet1
    combine data from the two querys into sheet1 like
    DLV_date—>aug1, Aug 2 ,aug3 (horizontal)
    Total_DLV , ..
    please let me know if this is possible..

  27. Amir August 1, 2014 at 4:08 PM

    Nice explanation!
    Question: how can i get the data from different ‘sourcerange’ from within one sheet i.e multiple columns?

    SourceRange = “C1:C6500 ,D1:D6500 ,AB1:AB6500,AG1:AG6500”
    szSQL = “SELECT * FROM [” & SourceSheet$ & “$” & SourceRange$ & “];”

  28. Nigel August 7, 2014 at 12:00 AM

    Hi PN ,
    i fixed the issue.,, this was more to do with my query itself. i managed to fix this within the first query itself. no need for multiple queries.
    however please provide an example for multiple record-sets if possible..

  29. Ricky Dobriyal August 17, 2014 at 12:54 AM

    Hello Team,

    I have a sheet with thousand records and I want filter recordes based on Activsheet name

    Query is working fine when I am putting directly the value in condition like below

    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [Data$] where Country =’India’; ”

    But I want to filter it based on Acrive sheet name.

    I tried two methods but it is prompting same Run time error.

    s = ActiveSheet.Name

    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [Data$] where Country =s ”
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [Data$] where Country ”
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [Data$] where Country =’’ ”

    Please cound you advise me how I can do this..

  30. PNRao August 17, 2014 at 11:15 AM

    Hi Amir,
    You can mention the column names, instead of specifying multiple ranges, for example:
    szSQL = “SELECT Column1, Column2 FROM [Sheet1$]”


  31. PNRao August 17, 2014 at 11:44 AM

    Hi Ricky,
    Please change your code like this:

    s = ActiveSheet.Name
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [Data$] where Country = ‘” & s & “‘”


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  33. Yogesh September 10, 2014 at 10:55 PM

    is there a way to send parameters(through InputBox/MsgBox) using Select statement and extracting user specific data into excel using ADO.
    Thanks for all your help and support.

  34. Mandeep September 11, 2014 at 9:56 AM

    Dear Pn rao,

    Please let me know if you are pulling data from excel , is this code using sql while retrieving data ? because this is not connecting to server. waiting for your response. thanks in advance.

  35. Mandeep September 11, 2014 at 9:59 AM

    Explain me this line of code please ” sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”

  36. PNRao September 11, 2014 at 8:19 PM

    Hi Mandeep,
    We need to create a connection string to connect any data base using VBA.
    sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”

    Provider=MSDASQL.1 : This is OLEDB Provider, this helps excel to understand the data base query syntax.
    DSN=Excel Files : Data Source Name, Excel Files is data source in the given example.
    DBQ= &DBPath : Data base file path, this is the full path of Excel File to connect.
    HDR=Yes’: Headers, Yes – if the first line of your data (in sheet or range) having headers, other wise No.

    Hope this helps!

  37. PNRao September 11, 2014 at 8:22 PM

    Hi Mandeep,
    Yes, we are pulling the data from Excel using ADO. You need to change the connection string if you are connecting any other DB.


  38. PNRao September 11, 2014 at 8:28 PM

    Hi Yogesh,
    Yes, you can use Inputbox to enter some parameters and change the query accordingly.
    x = InputBox(“Please enter field to select”, “Please Enter”)
    ‘You cna change the below query
    ‘sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [Sheet1$]
    ‘As shown below:
    sSQLSting = “SELECT ” & x & ” From [Sheet1$]”
    ‘Your remaing code here, similarly you can keep a WHERE Condition—


  39. Navneet Rao Ingle September 15, 2014 at 2:35 PM

    Hi PN,
    I am trying to copy the data from one workbook to another. Everything goes fine till the fetching of data from the source workbook but when I tried to paste the data in the destination workbook I am getting the following error:

    Run-time error ‘-2147467259 (80004005)’:

    You cannont move a part of a PivotTable report, or insert worksheet
    cells, rows, or columns inside a PivotTable report. To insert worksheet
    cells, rows, or columns, first move the PivotTable report (with the
    PivotTable report selected, on the Options tab, in the Actions group,
    click Move PivotTable). To add, move, or remove cells within the
    report, do one of the following:

    Code used is:

    Dim DNameRecvd
    Dim query As String
    Dim ReturnArray

    DNameRecvd = DName

    Dim conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset

    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String
    DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName

    sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”

    conn.Open sconnect
    query = “SELECT * from [Data$]”
    mrs.Open query, conn


    Sheet4.Range(“A2”).CopyFromRecordset mrs ‘—-Receiving error message at this line

    MsgBox (“Done”)

    Please help. Thanks in Advance.

  40. gayathiri September 22, 2014 at 3:47 PM

    Dear Pn Rao
    i have to go through entire spreadsheet/workbook to find current status of articles by adding received date to 20 and if it matches today’s date. change the color of that row. can i do it without ADO connection

  41. PNRao September 22, 2014 at 7:56 PM

    Hi Gayathri,
    Yes, we can open the workbook and do whatever we want without using VBA. Your code will be some thing like this:
    You can open the required file:
    set Wb=Workbooks.Open(“C:\tempworkbook.xlsx”)
    Assuming you have recieved date in Column A
    Do while Wb.Sheets(“SheetName”).Cells(iCntr,1)<>”
    If Format(Wb.Sheets(“SheetName”).Cells(iCntr,1),”DD-MM-YYYY”)=Format(Now(),”DD-MM-YYYY”) then
    ‘Here you can change the cell/range color
    End If

    Hope this helps!

  42. gayathiri September 23, 2014 at 11:14 AM

    thanks a lot.. :)but where to put this code. either by keeping a button or create a macro module for this workbook. My requirement is Say if the article is received on september 10 i have to get that row say in green color on september 30

  43. gayathiri September 24, 2014 at 1:37 PM

    Mr.Rao thanks for your timely help:) :) Customized ur code and it works well..

  44. PNRao September 26, 2014 at 9:31 PM

    You are most welcome!

  45. Est228 October 10, 2014 at 9:45 PM

    Dear PnRao
    I am using this code to connect to MS Access 2013 and used your previous comment to Shubhangi to structure the code. Everything seems to be working fine until I get to this part of the code:
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * FROM [BD_X]” where BD_X is the name of my Access table
    Here I keep getting an Error. I all ready have the required OLEDB and also tried using this code instead:
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * FROM [BD_X$]”
    I would appreciate some help.

  46. PNRao October 12, 2014 at 10:06 AM

    You can use the table name directly: sSQLSting = “SELECT * FROM BD_X”.

    If you want to refer Excel sheet as table then it will be like [BD_X$], if you connect any data base like MS Access, MS SQL Server, Oracle or Teradata you can use the table name.

    Hope this helps!

  47. Philip October 26, 2014 at 8:48 PM

    Greetings PNRao,

    I am in between developing a small project for the place I work at.
    Currently I am helping out the call center gang with automating their reports.
    There is a huge report that they spool off a web site at the end of each month…
    They obtain it in the form of an excel file with 97 format, which means each sheet is limited to 65535 rows only.
    So therefore the report spans to 4 sheets and could be more…
    I have completely automated this report into various pivot format for them per their requirement using Excel VBA.
    However the code is slow to about 10 seconds.
    There are many data analysis involved like filtering out the blanks off 2 columns, unwanted rows from another and pivoting them to obtain 4 reports using different criteria each.
    I am talking about 260000+ records analyzed to about 72000+ actual meaningful data for the report.

    Now, I thought maybe ADO could work out the trick more efficiently and faster.
    I have worked with ADO before in access/excel and know how to on the basics of connection etc.

    Currently, I need to know 2 things at this point:

    1) Is the ADO method faster than using excel automation via variant and/or range methods combined with loops?
    2) How do I append data from 4 sheets into 1 recordset to later analyze it with various select statements? Do I have to use an append query to obtain data from each sheets? If so, let me know how the query would look.

    Note: What I am thinking of doing is to completely do the required data manipulations within ADODB recordset and insert the manipulated data into a new sheet in Excel 8 format. Also, to run queries and to obtain the reports required from these manipulated data and again insert sheets into excel form query object.

    Could you kindly guide me into the various steps I need to be looking at to achieve these goals.

    Thanks in advance,

  48. Suruchi October 27, 2014 at 10:47 PM

    Hi PN ,

    This is really helpful .
    One thing that is not working at my end is changing HDR=No’; … this code is not giving me the header which is required.
    I tried with for loop which is working in that case , just wanted to know if how would HDR would work.

    Thank you

  49. Suruchi October 28, 2014 at 11:55 AM

    Hi PN,

    This code is working fine , but I am not able to get the header eve after making HDR =No .
    Could you please help me on this .

    Thanks ,

  50. PNRao October 29, 2014 at 10:34 PM

    Hi Philip,
    PivotTable is better than ADO, if your customers use Excel 2010 or higher. And to combine the Data into one record set, you query all data into one record set using UNIONs.

    Hope this helps.

  51. PNRao October 29, 2014 at 10:38 PM

    Hi Suruchi,
    The usage of HDR is to tell the ADO whether your data has headers or not.
    HDR= Yes means: You have the data and the first row is having headers and data starts from the next row.
    HDR= No means: Your data has no header row and and data the data starts from the first row.

    Hope this clarifies your query.

  52. Mani November 6, 2014 at 2:29 PM

    Hi PNRao,

    This is a great & Nice Information!
    Would you be kind enough to answer the following question too,

    Question: how can i get the data from Oracle Database, currently I use SQL Developer to query and store the result in excel and process it later, but since the number of individual sqls increased i’m looking for something like this and if you can help me in this regard, it would be great.

    Thanks in advance

  53. Amjed November 14, 2014 at 4:34 PM

    i would like to connect to PL/SQL developer from MS Excel and fetch the records from it and copy to the excel sheet. The query i want to execute is ‘SELECT * FROM TABLE_NAME’. Please let me know the connection string to use.
    Thanks in Advance.

  54. Satyarth Rao November 19, 2014 at 11:54 PM

    Hi PN,
    I am trying to pull data from SQL Server 2012 using excel VBA Code but it is showing that SQL Sever is not exit or access is denied. Please let me know how to do so. It will be a great help.
    Thanks in Advance.

  55. Scott November 28, 2014 at 4:08 AM

    Is it possible to join 2 tables from separate databases in an SQL query within Excel VBA?
    I am currently extracting data from a table in a Firebird database but need to access data from records form a table in another Firebird database. The results of the query are used as input to a case statement that totals and dumps data into a worksheet.
    I can do this in Access since I link to the tables as required, can I have 2 connections open at once in Excel?

  56. Prasad Sakpal December 2, 2014 at 12:40 PM

    Amazing Website…………..Thank you for giving me proper information.

  57. Prasad Sakpal December 2, 2014 at 12:44 PM

    With help of this website, i have entered the insert query & it is properly working but on this “mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn” statement getting errors ‘Run-Time Error 3704’. Please help on this..I appreciated.

  58. Prasad Sakpal December 2, 2014 at 12:45 PM

    Record is properly inserted into SQL database but getting above error message. please check…

  59. Prasad Sakpal December 2, 2014 at 1:07 PM

    Sub sbADO()
    Dim sSQLQry As String
    Dim ReturnArray
    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset
    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String
    sconnect = “Provider=SQLOLEDB.1;Data Source=******;Initial Catalog=******;User ID=*******;Password=*****;”
    Conn.Open sconnect
    sSQLSting = “INSERT INTO [tablename](code, fname,lname,process) Values(‘20202020′,’Prasad’,’Sakpal’,’PC001′)”
    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn ‘ Getting error message on this line, but record is properly inserted in to SQL database.
    End Sub

    Error is = ‘Run-Time Error 3704′
    Application Defined or Object Defined Error

  60. sandeep December 5, 2014 at 4:49 PM

    I have a query. While uploading data to SQL, if i try to download data from SQL using excal vba it is failing and throwing error.Do we have any wayt to handle mulitple calls in SQL using VBA….
    An really confused shud it be done at vba end or SQL end?

  61. Tim RAnce December 5, 2014 at 9:43 PM

    This thread has been very helpful in getting going. However, there is one problem. I am using an ODBC driver talking to Google big query but I imagine this problem I have could be relevant to any DBMS connection that has it’s own SQL variant. The key requirement for me is to be able to pass the NATIVE SQL code that the DBMS supports rather than being forced into submitting ANSI SQL which very limiting. I’m using a driver that is meant to supports both.
    The following works as intended:
    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset
    Conn.Open “DSN=bq”
    SQLString = “SELECT count(*) as a from EVENTS.Game_20141205 ”
    mrs.Open SQLString, Conn
    Sheet2.Range(“A2”).CopyFromRecordset mrs

    But if I try and submit any non-ANSI SQL statement for example:
    SQLString = “select a from (SELECT count(*) as a from EVENTS.Game_20141205) ”
    (and this SQL runs perfectly well if you send it directly to Google bigquery directly from the google webconsole)

    The driver pops an error:
    Run-time error ‘-2147217911 (80040e09)’:
    [Simba][SQLEngine] (31480) syntax error near ‘select a from (SELECT count(*) as a from EVENTS.Game_20141205) <<>>
    which I assume is because it’s not ANSI form SQL. Does anyone know how to submit the native SQL through vba (which should directly be passed through to the DBMS without any checking)

  62. Henning December 15, 2014 at 8:06 PM

    In the file “remedy-export” there are no header and 5 rows of data

    When I run the code, it only assigns data from row 2 to row 5 to the array. What am I doing wrong?

    Sub Connect_to_Sheet()
    Dim SQLString As String
    Dim ReturnArray
    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim rsRecordset As New ADODB.Recordset
    Dim DBPath As String, sConnect As String

    Dim Col_Idx, Row_Idx As Long

    DBPath = ThisWorkbook.Path & “remedy-export.xlsx”
    sConnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=NO’;”
    Conn.Open sConnect

    SQLString = “SELECT * From [Ark2$]”
    rsRecordset.Open SQLString, Conn, adOpenStatic, adLockReadOnly
    Row_Idx = rsRecordset.RecordCount
    ReturnArray = rsRecordset.GetRows


    End Sub
    [end code]

  63. saibabu December 19, 2014 at 12:14 AM

    Hi All,

    i want to copy only specific cells range.


  64. kesav December 30, 2014 at 1:12 PM

    hi pn
    i am trying to connect ms access 2010 data base but its showing erroe
    provider not recognized can to help me for over comming from this problem

  65. baha January 6, 2015 at 11:14 PM

    Ho to delete table in existing access database? by using

  66. PNRao January 12, 2015 at 9:25 PM

    Hi Baha,

    You can delete the table using TRUNCATE or Drop statement if have full permissions.
    To delete only the data: TRUNCATE TABLE table_name;

    Warning: If you use the below statement, you will loss the entire table and you can not roll back.
    To delete entire data: DROP TABLE table_name;


  67. Haridas January 25, 2015 at 12:37 AM

    I need VBA & SQL learning material because i don’t have knowledge in VBA but i have knowledge in MS Office(Advance excel..).
    Any one please send to my email.

  68. sachin January 27, 2015 at 6:10 PM

    I was creating a macro to remove exact row duplicate in excel using sql query,but it it giving me “Runtime error -2147217865(80040e37)”. Below isthe VBA code

    Sub sbADOExample()
    Dim sSQLQry As String
    Dim ReturnArray

    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset

    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String

    DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName

    ‘You can provide the full path of your external file as shown below
    ‘DBPath =”E:tempInputData.xlsx”

    sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”

    Conn.Open sconnect

    sSQLSting = “select distinct column1, count(*) From [Sheet1$] group by column1 having count(*) >1″

    ‘ Your SQL Statement (Table Name= Sheet Name=[Sheet1$])

    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn
    ‘=>Load the Data into an array
    ‘ReturnArray = mrs.GetRows
    ‘=>Paste the data into a sheet
    Sheet2.Range(“A2”).CopyFromRecordset mrs
    ‘Close Recordset

    ‘Close Connection

    End Sub

    Note : Above code working perfectly fine for 2 column

  69. PNRao February 3, 2015 at 9:53 PM

    Hi Sachin,

    I found no issues in your code. Please send your file with some dummy data. So that we can help you to solve your issue.


  70. Manoj February 23, 2015 at 5:40 PM

    Hi PN Rao – Thanks for the post really helpful
    I am trying to use Sum( Case when ( condition) then 1 else 0 end ) in this concept and it keeps saying automation error
    The same code is working perfectly in SQL server
    Please advise


  71. Richard February 24, 2015 at 4:15 PM

    Hi Rao

    I am also getting the same kind of error as Sachin is geeting

    I am getting the error in this line “mrs.Open sSQLsting,conn”

    error is “Runtime error -2147217865(80040e37)”

  72. PNRao March 2, 2015 at 7:05 PM

    Hi Richard and Sachin,

    Please make sure that the field names are correct. I could not find any issue in the Sachin’s query.


  73. Enrico March 19, 2015 at 9:13 PM

    Dear analists

    the code is working but I am retrieving in Sheets(1) just 54’816 lines on 575’000 present in Sheets(2).
    do you know why?
    I am using Excel 2010


  74. Aswin March 23, 2015 at 11:41 PM

    Hi PN ,

    Read through the post great information you are sharing indeed.. I have a scenario where i would need to pull the values in a column in sheet say Sheet1 whose range may be dynamically changing into IN clause in SQL server query with values like ‘A’,’B’,’C’ etc

  75. guys77 March 29, 2015 at 10:36 AM

    Hi experts..
    How about Dbf files?what string/connection code?

  76. KUMAR May 4, 2015 at 1:07 PM

    Really great. I could get what I could not even in Microsoft site

  77. HONEY May 8, 2015 at 12:23 PM


    I want to access the info of memory usage of production database in my excel sheet.

    can anyone help me with vba.

  78. sheriff May 14, 2015 at 9:54 PM


    I want to get a notification automatically when a file is copied in a folder. Can this be done by VBA macro ?

    Please help me.


  79. sheriff May 14, 2015 at 9:58 PM

    Please reply for the above query to this email

  80. Sam May 22, 2015 at 8:04 AM


    Thanks for sharing this info…
    Very useful


  81. Anand Jo May 29, 2015 at 9:19 PM

    Thanks for the code. It works with the user input when input command is used. But, it does not work when the user enters a value in the textfield in the userform created in excel VBA. Why does this happen? It just does not work with the userform text field input. Any help is appreciated. Here is the code:

    Sub UForm()
    Dim sSQLSting As String
    Dim ReturnArray

    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset
    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String

    DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName
    sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”
    Conn.Open sconnect
    sSQLSting = “SELECT * From [Sheet1$] where Order_Number = ” & ordernotext1 ‘ Your SQL Statement (Table Name= Sheet Name=[Sheet1$])
    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn

    Sheets(“ReportsO”).Range(“A8”).CopyFromRecordset mrs
    End Sub

  82. kishan Sanghani June 5, 2015 at 4:18 AM

    Hi ,

    I am able to execute query from VBA on my DB2. But sometime I need to abort query because of DB conjunction. Please suggest me way to abort query , if executed through VBA.

    Thanks in advance.

    Kishan Sanghani

  83. Krishna June 10, 2015 at 9:00 PM


    Am able to connect to excel data source using ADO connection. But my excel has 265000 rows and 118 columns. When I try to open record set, it struck and it taking more time.. Is that any way to use Ado connection and open record set in quick turnaround? Pls suggest.. Tnx

  84. UDAY PRATAP June 17, 2015 at 5:09 PM

    Nice Explanation…..Thanks.
    If I want to save picture of employees in (the respective rows) a column. for example Emp_Photo
    and if I run Select * from [Sheet1$] it is bringing all information but not the pictures
    How to achieve it?

  85. UDAY PRATAP June 17, 2015 at 5:12 PM

    Try to connect in a blank New workbook and after connection is established then copy the original sheet into this new workseets.

  86. Vic June 30, 2015 at 7:37 PM


    The code you gave worked! I am really kinda new to this old VBA stuff. My problem is it opens on a new sheet in a new workbook. How can I have the data displayed on an existing sheet with existing columns?

    Thank you in advance for your help PN.

    – V

  87. Sameer July 9, 2015 at 5:56 PM

    Hi PN – Your site has awesome content and I am hoping you can resolve my query.

    I have a MySQL database and I have connect it to excel using VBA on the local machine. Now I want to give the same excel file as an input/output mechanism to all the users to interact with the database installed on my computer. All the users are in a network. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

  88. PNRao July 9, 2015 at 7:51 PM

    Hi Sameer,

    Thanks for your feedback!

    Here are the possible solutions and my preference order:

    Solution 1: You can create new database in any server and export the local database into server and change the connection string. All your user need to have MySQL OLEDB Provider in their PCs.

    Solution 2. You can export to MS Access database and change the connection string. For this your user do not required to install any additional Provider.

    Hope this helps!

  89. Mahantesh September 9, 2015 at 5:18 PM

    StrSQL=”SELECT * FROM [Shee1$] MINUS SELECT * FROM [Sheet2$] is not getting executed.

    Help required.

  90. Dung Nguyen September 14, 2015 at 8:58 PM

    Hi PNRao,

    I would query to the first worksheet of selected workbook through navigate to the workbook location and user select it( I used worksheets(1) but can not successful), can you show me a sample how to assign this parameter of worksheets(1) to the vba query?


  91. bieu hien ung thu co tu cung September 23, 2015 at 8:16 PM

    This paragraph ցives ϲlear idea in support οf the new users.

  92. Sriram October 7, 2015 at 12:48 PM

    Am trying to run sql Analysis query in excel macro . Can you please help me .

    Thanks in advance

  93. Dan October 21, 2015 at 7:20 AM


    Very helpful page, thank you.

    I have managed to use a select query to retreive data from a second sheet however I am wanting to update data in a sheet using this method. I have changed the sSQLSting to an update query which appears to run but the data does not update.

    Could I please trouble you for a simple example of how to update a cell value?

    Column A (Dealer) is unique and Column B (Value) is the cell that I am trying to update

    Sheet name = DATA
    Column A = Dealer
    Column B = Value

    Thank you,


  94. Dan October 21, 2015 at 10:19 AM

    Sorry for wasting your time with my first message, was a pretty simple mistake in the end.
    I have it working however I am wanting to source the value that I am updating from a cell on the sheet. I have done this with:
    Dim NewVal As String
    NewVal = Sheets(“ADO”).Range(“N2”).Value
    When I try to put this into the sSQLSting it errors. Can you please help me out.

    Thanks again.


    ‘Add reference for Microsoft Activex Data Objects Library

    Sub sbADOUPDATE()
    Dim sSQLQry As String
    Dim sSQLQry2 As String
    Dim NewVal As String

    Dim ReturnArray

    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset

    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String

    DBPath = “P:DocumentsSALESOrderwrite2015TestingBook2.xlsx”
    NewVal = Sheets(“ADO”).Range(“N2″).Value

    ‘You can provide the full path of your external file as shown below
    ‘DBPath =”C:InputData.xlsx”

    sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”

    Conn.Open sconnect
    sSQLSting = “UPDATE [Data$] SET Content = ‘testing2’ WHERE Dealer = ‘Q325′”

    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn
    sSQLSting2 = “UPDATE [Data$] SET Content = 1000 WHERE Dealer = ‘Q375′”

    mrs.Open sSQLSting2, Conn

    ‘Close Connection

    End Sub

  95. Masaru November 1, 2015 at 11:58 PM

    Question: I have a header where it has been merge with under a 3 column, is it possible to call the sub column? Thanks!

  96. Michael November 10, 2015 at 8:37 PM

    Hi All
    I have a spreadsheet with an Excel Table named Table1 with two Columns named Quarter and Sales.
    The Table has say 4 rows of data beneath the header. Then there is more data in the rows below the table which is not part of the table.

    How do I copy only the data in the Table rows?
    Using SqlQry = “SELECT [Quarter], [Sales] FROM [Sheet2$][Table1$]”
    Copied all the data in the two columns including the data outside the Table.

  97. loes November 25, 2015 at 7:52 PM


    I am trying to set up a connection to MySQL and came across this example. I applied the code to my own file. But what i can not seem to figure out is why the file does not take the values you write in A1, A2 etc. where in the code do you tell the code to skip the first line?

  98. Ray November 26, 2015 at 10:35 AM

    This is precisely what i was searching for..Thanks a Ton.

    One question please….Here we saw fetching data from a spreadsheet using ADO.

    Can we write data from a User interface,like a form (in Spreadsheet A) to a Database (Spreadsheet B) using ADO ?

    Please can you point me to where can I get more info on this.

    All the best with your efforts. God bless !

  99. mike January 15, 2016 at 1:22 PM


    I have made a connection with a dbf file with VBA this works great, but is it also possible to open multiple dbf files en join them in the SQL? Iám trying hard but can’t figure it out.

  100. Shwetanjali Das February 11, 2016 at 12:10 PM


    I want to fetch records from a database. How to do that? I have read only access to that database.

  101. srimeenakshi March 22, 2016 at 6:01 PM

    hi friends,
    i want a code to update a table in a database. when we click command button in vba?
    anyone can help me

  102. Iris March 29, 2016 at 3:21 PM

    hi, i couldn’t download the example file, seems the linkage was corrupted.

  103. Akit May 3, 2016 at 10:09 AM

    HI ,

    Really helpful blog, I am encountering an error when I tried to use Like operator in my sql statement.

    Dim sSQLQry As String
    Dim ReturnArray
    Dim Conn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim mrs As New ADODB.Recordset
    Dim DBPath As String, sconnect As String
    DBPath = ThisWorkbook.FullName
    ‘You can provide the full path of your external file as shown below
    ‘DBPath =”C:InputData.xlsx”
    sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”
    Conn.Open sconnect
    Debug.Print YourstrQery,

    1. SQLSting = “SELECT * From [Sheet1$] WHERE [URL] like ‘%POST /login.form HTTP/1.1%’ ”

    2. SQLSting = “SELECT * From [Sheet1$] WHERE session in(Select Distinct session from [Sheet1$]) and [URL] like ‘%POST /login.form HTTP/1.1%’ ”

    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn

  104. ram May 10, 2016 at 12:34 PM

    There are records in the sheet titled ‘Table2’, which have Cust_ID not present in column Cust_ID in the sheet titled ‘Table1’ (e.g. 110, 117). Can you write an Excel VBA program that transfers the data in these sheets to 2 separate tables in Access DB, runs the appropriate query and provides the list of unmatched records from ‘Table2’? Please use ADO method for database connectivity. The program should execute on clicking a button in Excel and output should comprise of unmatched records displayed in a new Excel sheet.

  105. Guilherme June 4, 2016 at 12:08 AM

    I did’nt find the example file =(
    Can you send me the link?

  106. PNRao June 4, 2016 at 9:43 PM

    Thanks- We have fixed the download link.


  107. Kamal Kroor June 21, 2016 at 1:08 PM

    Dear All,
    Any one can help me with using variables in update command? in the above example, update is used only with exact number which will not be the case for real time situation. We need a variable that takes values from the user form.

    Kamal Kroor

  108. Célio Ávila June 21, 2016 at 7:56 PM

    Damn… I’ve been trying so hard to learn this, but nothing ever seems to work.
    I finally downloaded the example file and not even that is working. I get the message, “System error &H8000FFFF (-2147418113). Catastrophic Failure.”
    I activated the 2.8 library something, so I dont know what could be going wrong.

    Also, every source I look for to study gives me a completely different macro example, so I can’t even compare them to better understand the coding.

    When I do find good content to learn SQL from, it doesnt seem to be related to excel vba, so it doesnt help me all that much.

    I’m trying to learn how to filter data with ADO insteand of using autofilter. At first I saw someone posting this example:

    Sub testConnection()
    Dim wb As Workbook
    Dim c As WorkbookConnection
    Dim sql As String

    Set wb = ActiveWorkbook

    Set c = wb.Connections.Item(1)
    sql = c.ODBCConnection.CommandText
    sql = Replace(sql, “WHERE (`’Sheet1$’`.k=10)”, _
    “WHERE (`’Sheet1$’`.k=9) AND (`’Sheet1$’`.l=11) AND (`’Sheet1$’`.m=12) AND (`’Sheet1$’`.n=13) “)
    c.ODBCConnection.CommandText = sql

    End Sub

    can anyone make sense of this?

  109. Ankush June 28, 2016 at 3:31 PM


    Could you let me know if we can connect a macro to the server and get the information from the log files.

    And if yes , then could you let me know how we could connect to the server.

  110. Stanley July 1, 2016 at 1:25 PM

    Hi PNRao,

    Your website is awesome!
    Do you have experience to use RANK() OVER(PARTITION BY) function by ADODB connection?
    I need to rank first and output them.
    Any help would be greatly appreciated.


  111. Stewart July 15, 2016 at 2:27 PM

    HI PNRao,

    New to using VBA & ADO , I wish to use a similar code that uses an input-box to pull through the relevant input from a closed workbook to my current active workbook, is this possible?

    Kind Regards,


  112. Sanjeev Sharma August 6, 2016 at 12:54 AM

    Thanks!! for the valuable information!!

  113. Pawan August 30, 2016 at 10:49 AM

    Very nice Article. I have one query in this that I have one column which has number as well as text and I found one thing that vb query that declare the fields type as Number and it will not show Text values. So is it possible to import all the fields with data type as a string because string can capture both number as well as text.

  114. Tomi August 30, 2016 at 11:58 PM

    Hi, I am new to VBA and application development. Please how can someone start with learning VBA and Database Application development? Thank you

  115. Durgam Sasidhar January 4, 2017 at 7:36 PM

    WOW, This is what am searching for entire day, and this post Cleared My doubts and issues. Thx a lot

  116. Sunil Sehgal April 5, 2017 at 11:05 AM

    Hello sir,
    While I run my code it is showing automation error. Can you please etell me why is it so occuring.. tell me the solutio n for the same.

  117. Hasan May 4, 2017 at 9:05 PM


    when the Excel file is opened read-only, the sql query (with both providers MSDASQL and Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB) does not return any results.

    Any ideas how to overcome this, maybe using additional parameters?

  118. Rakesh May 17, 2017 at 2:43 PM

    Hi PNRao,

    Information provided by you in your website is excellent.
    I customised this code to postgresql,but getting an Run-Time error object required: 424.Can you please help me with this error.


  119. AK July 19, 2017 at 7:57 PM

    Dear PN,

    Really, this webpage is very useful, thanks for your efforts.

    I have one question here:
    Instead of figures (2 & 5000) at ‘Values(2,500)’ how can use variables or cells from active sheet?

    Thanks in advance & regards,

  120. PNRao July 19, 2017 at 8:51 PM
    You need to form the string as per your requirement.
    Replace the below statement:
    sSQLSting = “INSERT INTO [DataSheet$](Quarter, Sales) Values(2,5000)”.
    sSQLSting = “INSERT INTO [DataSheet$](Quarter, Sales) Values(" &Range("A1") &"," &Range("A2") &")”.

    The second statement will read the values from Range A1 and A2 of ActiveSheet. You can also specify the sheet name if it is not a active sheet, Sheets(“SheetName”).Range(“A1”)


  121. YasserKhalil July 20, 2017 at 10:59 PM

    That’s really awesome. Thank you very much
    How to update closed workbook using ADO?

  122. Andi permana November 30, 2017 at 4:36 PM

    How do I use where statement and group by??

  123. Mayur raj March 4, 2018 at 12:50 PM

    Hi recordset stores the result in array form, when using select a view/output is getting stored.but using insert there is no output, it will process the query and store data in mentioned table.
    Add one more line, select * from [inserted_table]
    Before msr.
    Hope you get the logic.

  124. Anil April 19, 2018 at 6:10 PM

    Hi Sir,

    I have insert code but show the error.

    Option Explicit
    Dim BlnVal As Boolean

    Private Sub Done_Click()
    Dim sSQLQry As String
    Dim ReturnArray
    Dim con As ADODB.Connection
    Dim sqlstr As String, datasource As String
    Set con = New ADODB.Connection
    datasource = “D:TEST.xlsx” ‘change to suit

    Dim sconnect As String
    sconnect = “Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;” & _
    “Data Source=” & datasource & “;” & _
    “Extended Properties=”Excel 12.0;HDR=YES”;”
    With con
    .Open sconnect

    sqlstr = “Insert Into [Sheet2$](Sno, Name, Amt) Values (GP.ComboBox1.Value, GP.TextBox1, GP.TextBox2)”

    .Execute sqlstr
    End With

    Set con = Nothing

    End Sub

  125. Anil April 19, 2018 at 6:14 PM

    I have insert data in offline Excel File & Same Update Data Combobox1 and TextBox1 only Number accept. not Text.

  126. nalini raju May 14, 2018 at 6:47 PM

    ‘Iam not able to insert
    ‘Iam getting error–Automation error in runtime
    ‘Using MSDASQL Provider
    ‘sconnect = “Provider=MSDASQL.1;DSN=Excel Files;DBQ=” & DBPath & “;HDR=Yes’;”

    ‘Using Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB Provider – If you get an issue with Jet OLEDN Provider try MSDASQL Provider (above statement)
    sconnect = “Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=” & DBPath _
    & “;Extended Properties=”Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1″;”

    Conn.Open sconnect
    ‘DeleteId = InputBox(“Name”)
    ” sSQLSting = “SELECT DISTINCT Date,SalesRep,Product,Discount,Units,Region,Net_Sales From [DataSheet$]”
    ‘ Your SQL Statemnt (Table Name= Sheet Name=[DataSheet$])
    ‘ sSQLSting = “UPDATE [DataSheet$] SET SalesRep=10,Product=10,Discount=10,Units=10,Region=10 WHERE Units=1”
    sSQLSting = “INSERT INTO [RAMA$](Quarter, Sales) Values(” & Sheets(“RAMA”).Range(“A1”) & “,” & Sheets(“RAMA”).Range(“A2”) & “)”
    ‘ sSQLSting = “Select * from [DataSheet$]” ‘ where Date is not null”
    mrs.Open sSQLSting, Conn

    ‘ Sheets(“RAMA”).Range(“A1”).CopyFromRecordset mrs


    ‘Close Connection
    End Sub

  127. Taesoo June 14, 2018 at 4:51 PM


    I read date from db file but can not read full data.
    Below is the data in db file
    4/16/2016 16:39
    4/19/2016 12:50
    4/22/2016 16:12
    4/25/2016 10:28
    4/27/2016 10:51

    This is what I read

    Sub db_query()

    Dim conn As Object, rst As Object

    Set conn = CreateObject(“ADODB.Connection”)
    Set rst = CreateObject(“ADODB.Recordset”)

    conn.Open “DRIVER=SQLite3 ODBC Driver;Database=D:backup.db;”

    strSQL = “SELECT Date from Tb_Result_Summary”
    rst.Open strSQL, conn, 1, 1

    Worksheets(“results”).Range(“A2”).CopyFromRecordset rst

    Set rst = Nothing: Set conn = Nothing

    End Sub

  128. Baze July 9, 2018 at 3:50 PM

    Hi PN, thank you for this material. it is very educative especially for a person who is beginner in VBA like me.
    I am trying to make a connection from my excel file to a database and i tried your code but it resulted in a mistake :

    ‘Sheet1$’ is not a valid name. Make sure that it does not include invalid characters or punctuation and that it is not too long

    I am apologizing in advance, cause this question might seem very beginner for you, but I am in my first steps with VBA.

  129. Deepak Bisht October 2, 2018 at 6:45 PM

    Each time i pull data the file opened in read only mode.. Please advise

  130. Prabhu Murugan December 20, 2018 at 9:42 AM


    A column in an excel file consist of values only. But still select query for the field throws data type mismatch in criteria even after I changed all the cells to values.

    select * from table where field < 0

    It works only for

    select * from table where field < '0'

  131. Amber July 18, 2019 at 5:58 AM

    I want to get into an array all records brought by getRows but I can’t. When I try like this, the array stay empty anyway. I only get success by using getString but my goal is insert each record into a cell of a listbox. I hope you can understend my english!

  132. anil November 17, 2019 at 12:50 PM

    thanks for efforts sir as a beginer easyly understand whole concept

  133. Mon February 9, 2020 at 1:15 PM


    please advise how can I use the SQL command to delete the record

    thank you

  134. Dinesh May 2, 2020 at 10:37 PM


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