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Whenever we work with files in VBA, it is important to have the ability to delete or remove them when we no longer need them. This is where the VBA Kill statement comes in. This powerful statement allows us to delete files pro-grammatically, saving us time and effort in managing our files. In this blog post, we will delve into the purpose, syntax, examples, important notes and remarks of the Kill statement, and conclude with a request for feedback and views.

The VBA Kill Statement

Purpose of the Kill Statement

The Kill statement in VBA is used to delete one or more files from a specified path. This is especially useful when working with large amounts of files, as it eliminates the need for manual deletion. It also allows for better control and management of files in our VBA projects.

Syntax of the Kill Statement

The syntax for the Kill statement is:

Kill pathname1 [, pathname2…]

Where pathname1 is the required argument and represents the file to be deleted. The optional argument pathname2 allows for multiple files to be deleted at once, each separated by a comma.

Examples of the VBA Kill Statement

Deleting a Single File

To delete a single file, we use the Kill statement with the file’s pathname as the argument. For example, if we want to delete a file named “data.csv” located in the “Documents” folder, the code would be:

Kill "C:\Users\User\Documents\data.csv"

Deleting Multiple Files

As mentioned earlier, the Kill statement also allows us to delete multiple files at once. To do so, we simply separate the pathnames with a comma, as shown in the following example:

Kill "C:\Users\User\Documents\data1.csv", "C:\Users\User\Documents\data2.csv"

Using Wildcards

We can also use wildcards to delete files that match a certain pattern. For example, if we want to delete all files in the “Documents” folder with the extension “.xlsx”, the code would be:

Kill "C:\Users\User\Documents\*.xlsx"

Deleting Files in a Loop

The Kill statement is often used in conjunction with loops to delete multiple files based on certain criteria. In the following example, we use a Do Loop to delete all files in the “Documents” folder that are more than a week old:

Dim file As String
file = Dir("C:\Users\User\Documents\*.*")
Do While file <> ""
    If DateDiff("d", FileDateTime("C:\Users\User\Documents\" & file), Now) > 7 Then
        Kill "C:\Users\User\Documents\" & file
    End If
    file = Dir

Handling Errors

It is important to note that the Kill statement will raise an error if the specified file does not exist. To avoid this, we can use the ‘On Error’ statement to handle the error and provide a customized message. For example:

On Error Resume Next 'Continue execution on error
Kill "C:\Users\User\Documents
If Err.Number <> 0 Then
    MsgBox "File does not exist."
End If

Important Notes & Remarks

  • The Kill statement permanently deletes files from the specified location. There is no way to recover them once they are deleted, so use it with caution.
  • The Kill statement only works on files, not folders. To delete a folder, we need to use a separate method.
  • The pathnames used in the Kill statement must be the full paths, including the file extensions. Relative paths will not work.
  • The Kill statement can only delete files on the local computer, not remote locations.
  • The Kill statement is supported in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Microsoft Office.

In conclusion, the VBA Kill statement is a powerful and essential tool for managing files in our VBA projects. Its ability to delete files programmatically saves us time and effort in managing large amounts of files. We have also discussed the purpose, syntax, top 5 examples, and important notes and remarks of the Kill statement.
We would love to hear your feedback and views on this post. Have you used the Kill statement in your VBA projects? Do you have any additional tips or examples to share?

Let us know in the comments below. Thank you for reading!

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Categories: VBA StatementsTags: , Last Updated: September 28, 2023

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