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The FileCopy statement in VBA  is a useful tool that allows you to copy files from one location to another. Whether you need to automate a file transfer process or simply make a backup of important files, the FileCopy statement can save you time and effort. In this blog post, we will delve into the purpose, syntax, examples, important notes and remarks, and conclude with asking for feedback and views on this powerful VBA statement.

VBA FileCopy Statement


The FileCopy statement enables you to copy one or more files or folders from one location to another within your computer or network. It can also be used to copy between different drives and even across network computers. The statement streamlines the manual process of copying and pasting files, making it an essential component in VBA programming for file management tasks.


The basic syntax of the FileCopy statement is as follows:

 FileCopy source, destination

Where ‘source’ is the path or name of the file or folder you want to copy, and ‘destination’ is the location where you want to copy the file or folder to. Both the ‘source’ and ‘destination’ can be either a string value or a variable holding a string value.


Here are five common examples of using the FileCopy statement in VBA:

1. Copy a single file

To copy a single file from one folder to another, you can use the following code:

 FileCopy "C:\Folder1estFile.xlsx", "C:\Folder2estFile.xlsx"

This example copies the file ‘TestFile.xlsx’ from ‘Folder1’ to ‘Folder2’ within the same drive.

2. Copy a folder and its contents

To copy a folder and all of its contents (subfolders and files), you can use the ‘VBEmpty’ constant as the source argument. The code will look like this:

 FileCopy "C:\Folder1\", "D:\NewFolder\"

This will copy all the files and subfolders within ‘Folder1’ to the ‘NewFolder’ in the D drive.

3. Copy multiple files

The FileCopy statement can also be used to copy multiple files at once. You can use a loop to go through a list of file names and copy them to a specified location. For example:

 Dim i As Integer 
For i = 1 To 5 
FileCopy "C:\Folder1\file" & i & ".txt", "C:\Folder2\file" & i & ".txt" 
Next i

This code will copy files ‘file1.txt’ to ‘file5.txt’ from ‘Folder1’ to ‘Folder2’ in the same drive.

4. Copy files from a network drive

The FileCopy statement can also be used to copy files from a network drive. In this case, you need to provide the full network path as the source argument. For example:

 FileCopy "\\Server\Folder1estFile.xlsx", "C:\MyDocumentsestFile.xlsx"

This code copies the file ‘TestFile.xlsx’ from ‘Folder1’ on ‘Server’ to ‘MyDocuments’ on your local drive.

5. Create a backup of files

Using the FileCopy statement along with the VBA ‘FileSystemObject’ allows you to create a backup of a specific file or folder. The following code creates a copy of ‘TestFile.xlsx’ in the ‘BackupFiles’ folder within the same location.

 Dim fso As Object 
Dim sourceFile, destinationFile 
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject") 
sourceFile = "C:\MyDocumentsestFile.xlsx" 
destinationFile = "C:\MyDocuments\BackupFiles\CopyOfFile.xlsx" 
fso.CopyFile sourceFile, destinationFile

Important Notes & Remarks:

Here are some important points to remember when using the FileCopy statement in VBA:

  • The FileCopy statement can only copy files and folders, not overwrite or rename them.
  • The destination argument must include the file’s name at the end of the path, or it will not work.
  • If the destination file already exists, the statement will throw an error message, and the file will not be copied.
  • The file specified in the source argument must exist, or the statement will result in an error.
  • If the source or destination argument contains spaces, it must be enclosed in double quotes.
  • The FileCopy statement cannot be used to copy hidden files or folders.

In conclusion, the FileCopy statement in VBA is a handy tool for copying files and folders quickly and efficiently. It simplifies many file management tasks, making it a valuable addition to your VBA coding repertoire. We hope this post has provided you with a comprehensive understanding of the FileCopy statement and its various applications. We would love to hear your feedback and views on this topic in the comments below. Thank you for reading!

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Categories: VBA StatementsTags: , Last Updated: September 28, 2023

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