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Managing open files is a crucial aspect of any programming language. In VBA, the Close statement is a powerful tool used to manage open files. It is used to close any open file or object in the VBA project, ensuring that resources are not wasted and the program runs efficiently.

In this blog post, we will explore the purpose and syntax of the Close statement, provide the examples of its usage, and discuss important notes and remarks. Let’s dive in!

The VBA Close Statement

Purpose of the Close Statement

The main purpose of the Close statement in VBA is to close any open file or object that is no longer needed in the program. It frees up resources and memory, preventing the program from crashing or running slowly. It is particularly useful when dealing with large files or a large number of open files. The Close statement ensures that the program can efficiently manage open files and allows users to work with different files without any interruptions.


The basic syntax of the Close statement in VBA is as follows:

[ #]FileNumber

The Close statement is followed by an optional file number, preceded by a hashtag symbol. The file number is the number assigned to the open file or object that needs to be closed. If not specified, the statement will close all open files. Let’s move on to our examples to understand the usage of the Close statement better.

Examples of the VBA Close Statement

Example 1: Closing a Specific File

Suppose we have an open file ‘myFile.xlsx’ that needs to be closed in our VBA project. We can use the following code to close it using the Close statement:

Dim myFile As Integer
myFile = FreeFile()
Open "C:\Users\User\Documents\myFile.xlsx" For Input As #myFile 
'Perform operations on the file here
Close #myFile 'Closing the file

In this example, the Close statement is used to close the specific file ‘myFile.xlsx’.

Example 2: Closing All Open Files

In some cases, we might want to close all open files in our VBA project. We can do so by using the Close statement without specifying a file number, as shown below:

Close # 'Closing all open files

This code snippet will close all open files, ensuring that no unnecessary resources are used.

Example 3: Closing Multiple Files

We can also use the Close statement to close multiple files at once. Let’s assume we have two open files, ‘myFile1.txt’ and ‘myFile2.txt’, and we want to close them both. We can use the following code:

Dim file1 As Integer, file2 As Integer
file1 = FreeFile()
file2 = FreeFile()
Open "C:\Users\User\Documents\myFile1.txt" For Input As file1 
Open "C:\Users\User\Documents\myFile2.txt" For Input As file2 
'Perform operations on the files here
Close file1, file2 'Closing the files

In this example, we have assigned different file numbers to each open file and used the Close statement to close them simultaneously.

Example 4: Specifying the Output Mode

The Close statement can also be used to specify the output mode of the file being closed. The output mode determines whether the file is written to, read from, or both. The syntax for this is as follows:

Close #FileNumber [, OutputMode]

The output mode can be either ‘Input’, ‘Output’, or ‘Append’, depending on the desired operation. For example, if we want to close the file for input, we can use the following code:

Close #myFile, OutputMode:=Input 'Closing the file for input

Example 5: Closing Objects

Apart from files, the Close statement can also be used to close objects, such as databases or connections. In this example, we will be using the Close statement to close an open database.

Dim myDB As New ADODB.Connection
myDB.Open "DSN=SampleDB"
'Perform operations using the database here
myDB.Close 'Closing the database

In this code snippet, the Close statement is used to close the database after performing operations on it.

Important Notes and Remarks

  • The Close statement does not delete the file or object; it only removes it from the open files list in VBA. The file or object remains on the hard drive or in memory, depending on where it was stored.
  • The file or object must have been opened using the ‘Open’ statement before it can be closed using the Close statement.
  • If the file or object is not closed properly, it might lead to memory leaks or file corruption.
  • Be mindful of the file or object numbers when using the Close statement. Using the wrong file number can cause unexpected errors or close the wrong file.

In conclusion, the Close statement is an essential tool for managing open files and objects in VBA. It ensures that resources are used efficiently, prevents program crashes, and allows for the smooth functioning of the program. We have discussed the purpose and syntax of the Close statement, provided examples of its usage, and mentioned some important notes and remarks to keep in mind when using it.
We hope this blog post has helped you understand the Close statement and its versatility in VBA.

We would love to hear your feedback and views on this topic. Have you used the Close statement in your VBA projects? What other uses have you found for it? Let us know in the comments below. Thank you for reading!

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Categories: VBA StatementsTags: , Last Updated: September 28, 2023

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