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The CDec function in VBA stands for “Convert to Decimal” and is used to convert a given expression or value into a decimal data type. This function is useful when dealing with different data types, such as strings or variants, and wanting to convert them into a numeric format. The CDec function takes the given expression and attempts to convert it into a decimal data type, returning the result as a decimal.

## VBA CDec Function – Purpose, Syntax and Arguments

### Syntax:

```CDec (Expression)
```

### Arguments:

• Expression: This is the value or expression that will be converted into a decimal. It can be a numeric value, string, Boolean, or variant data type.

### Example:

Assume we have a variable myString that contains the value “12.34” as a string data type. We can use the CDec function to convert it into a decimal data type as follows:

```Dim myString As String
Dim myDecimal As Decimal
myString = "12.34"
myDecimal = CDec(myString)
MsgBox "The decimal value of myString is: " & myDecimal
```

The result of the message box will be: “The decimal value of myString is: 12.34”
Remarks:

• The CDec function can handle numeric values up to 29 digits.
• If the expression being passed to the CDec function cannot be converted into a decimal data type, an error will occur.
• If the decimal separator used in the given expression is different from the current system’s regional settings, the function will use the regional setting’s decimal separator instead.
• If the given expression is an empty string or null, the CDec function will return a value of 0.
• CDec is an overloaded function, meaning it can also be used with the CDec#\$>, CDec#>, and CDec#< operators for greater than, less than, and equals comparisons.

Important Notes:

• The CDec function is only available in VBA and cannot be used in other Microsoft Office applications, such as Excel or Access.
• If converting a string to a decimal, it is important to ensure that the string only contains numeric characters and a decimal separator.
• When using the CDec function to compare values, it is important to keep in mind that the comparisons may not always be accurate due to rounding errors.

## Understanding VBA CDec Function with Examples

Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is a programming language used in Microsoft Office applications to create macros and automate tasks. It is a powerful tool that allows users to write code to manipulate data and perform complex actions. One of the most commonly used functions in VBA is the CDec function, which is used to convert a value into the Decimal data type. In this blog, we will take a closer look at the CDec function, its syntax, and how it is used in VBA with examples.

### Example 1: Basic Syntax

The basic syntax of the CDec function is as follows:

```CDec(expression)
```

In this syntax, expression is any valid expression that evaluates to a Double or String value. The CDec function converts this value into a Decimal data type and returns the result. Let’s take a look at a simple example to understand how this works.
Suppose we have a variable named x with the value of 25.5, and we want to convert it into Decimal data type. We can use the CDec function, as shown in the following code:

```Dim x As Double
x = 25.5
Dim d As Decimal
d = CDec(x)
```

In this code, we first declare a variable named x as Double data type with the value of 25.5. Then, we declare another variable named d as Decimal data type and use the CDec function to convert the value of x into Decimal data type. The result of the CDec function is assigned to the variable d. This example may seem trivial, but it demonstrates the basic syntax and use of the CDec function.

### Example 2: Converting a String Value

In addition to Double values, the CDec function can also convert String values into Decimal data type. This is particularly useful when working with user input and converting it into a numeric format for further processing. Let’s take a look at an example to understand this better.
Suppose we have a textbox named txtNumber on a userform, and we want to convert the value entered by the user into Decimal data type. We can use the CDec function, as shown in the following code:

```Dim d As Decimal
d = CDec(txtNumber.value)
```

In this code, we use the CDec function to convert the value of the textbox txtNumber into Decimal data type. Note that the .value property is used to get the actual value entered by the user in the textbox. The result of the CDec function is assigned to the variable d, which can then be used for further calculations. This example shows how the CDec function can be used to convert user input into a numeric format for further processing.

### Example 3: Converting a Negative Value

The CDec function can also handle negative values and convert them into Decimal data type. Let’s consider the following code:

```Dim x As Double
x = -20
Dim d As Decimal
d = CDec(x)
Debug.Print d
```

In this code, we have a variable named x with the value of -20. We use the CDec function to convert this value into Decimal data type, and the result is assigned to the variable d. Note that the negative sign is still present in the result, as shown in the output of the Debug.Print statement, which is -20. This example demonstrates that the CDec function can handle negative values and convert them into Decimal data type without any issues.

### Example 4: Converting Dates

In VBA, dates are treated as Double values, where the integer portion represents the date, and the decimal portion represents the time. If you have a date stored as a Double value and want to convert it into a date data type, you can use the CDec function. Let’s take a look at an example.
Suppose we have a date value stored in a variable named dateValue with the value of 44197.5. This value represents the date July 1, 2020 at 12:00 PM. To convert this Double value into a Date data type, we can use the CDec function, as shown in the following code:

```Dim d As Date
d = CDec(dateValue)
Debug.Print d
```

In this code, we use the CDec function to convert the dateValue into Date data type. The result is assigned to the variable d, which can then be used to perform date-specific operations. The output of the Debug.Print statement is 7/1/2020 12:00:00 PM, showing that the CDec function successfully converted the Double value into a Date data type.

### Example 5: Error Handling

The CDec function can also be used for error handling to ensure that the value being retrieved is in the correct format before performing any calculations. Let’s take a look at an example:

```If Not IsNumeric(txtValue.value) Then
MsgBox "Please enter a valid numeric value."
Else
Dim d As Decimal
d = CDec(txtValue.value)
End If
```

In this code, we first check if the value entered by the user in the textbox txtValue is numeric. If it is not, we display an error message. Otherwise, we use the CDec function to convert the value into Decimal data type, ensuring that the value is in the correct format before proceeding. This example demonstrates how the CDec function can be used for error handling to prevent any unexpected errors in our code.

### Final Thoughts

The CDec function is a powerful tool in VBA that allows users to convert values into the Decimal data type. It is essential to understand the syntax and usage of this function to handle data effectively and perform complex calculations. In this blog, we have explored some examples to understand how the CDec function is used in VBA. We recommend practicing these examples and experimenting with the CDec function to get a better understanding of its capabilities and improve your VBA programming skills.

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Categories: VBA FunctionsLast Updated: September 24, 2023