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VBA contains different datatypes to store different types of data, and one of them is the ‘Byte’ datatype. The ‘Byte’ datatype is used to store numbers from 0 to 255, which makes it ideal for storing small numbers or binary data. In this blog post, we will explore the ‘Byte’ datatype in detail and understand how it can be used in VBA code.

Byte DataType in VBA


The syntax for declaring a variable with the ‘Byte’ datatype in VBA is as follows:

Dim variableName As Byte

The ‘Dim’ keyword is used to declare a variable, followed by the name of the variable, and then the ‘As’ keyword along with the datatype ‘Byte’ to specify the type of data that the variable can store.


The ‘Byte’ datatype is a numeric datatype that takes 1 byte of storage in memory. 1 byte is equal to 8 bits, which means that a ‘Byte’ variable can store 8 bits of data. The range of numbers that can be stored in a ‘Byte’ variable is from 0 to 255 as it can store only 8 bits. Since it takes a small amount of storage, the ‘Byte’ datatype is ideal for optimizing memory usage in a VBA code.


As mentioned before, the ‘Byte’ datatype can store numbers from 0 to 255. This range of numbers is also called the unsigned 8-bit integer range. In this range, the ‘Byte’ variable is initialized to the value 0 by default. If we try to assign a value less than 0 or greater than 255 to a ‘Byte’ variable, we will get an error stating “Overflow”. This is because the ‘Byte’ datatype can only store values within its range and any value outside the range will cause an overflow error.

VBA Examples using Byte DataType

1. Declaring a variable with ‘Byte’ datatype

Dim num As Byte
num = 200
Debug.Print num

In this code, we have declared a variable named ‘num’ with the ‘Byte’ datatype and assigned the value 200 to it. The value of the variable is then printed on the Immediate window by using the ‘Debug.Print’ statement. Since 200 is within the range of the ‘Byte’ datatype, no error will occur, and the value will be printed as 200.

2. Initializing a ‘Byte’ variable with a value outside its range

Dim num As Byte
num = 300

In this code, we have declared a variable with the ‘Byte’ datatype and assigned the value 300 to it. Since 300 is greater than the range of the ‘Byte’ datatype, an overflow error will occur, and the code will not compile or execute.

3. Using the ‘Byte’ datatype in a For loop

Dim i As Byte
For i = 0 To 5
    Debug.Print i
Next i

This code declares a ‘Byte’ variable ‘i’ and uses it in a For loop to print numbers from 0 to 5 on the Immediate window. Since the range of the ‘Byte’ datatype is from 0 to 255, the For loop will run 256 times, and the numbers will be printed one by one on the Immediate window.

4. Reading binary data from a file

Dim binaryData() As Byte
Open "C:\Users\User\Desktop\data.bin" For Binary As #1
Get #1, , binaryData
Close #1

This code opens a binary file named ‘data.bin’ and reads the binary data stored in it into an array of ‘Byte’ variables named ‘binaryData’. The data can then be used or manipulated in the VBA code as required.

5. Converting a string to binary data using ‘Byte’ datatype

Dim binaryData() As Byte
Dim str As String
str = "Hello, World!"
binaryData = StrConv(str, vbFromUnicode)

This code converts a string variable ‘str’ containing the text “Hello, World!” into binary data and stores it in an array of ‘Byte’ variables named ‘binaryData’. The ‘StrConv’ function is used to convert the string into binary data using the ‘vbFromUnicode’ parameter.


In conclusion, the ‘Byte’ datatype in VBA is used to store small numbers or binary data efficiently. It has a limited range of values from 0 to 255 and takes 1 byte of storage in memory. We can use it in various ways in our VBA code, such as reading binary data from a file, converting strings into binary data, or optimizing the use of memory in loops. It is a useful datatype that can significantly enhance the functionality of our VBA code.

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Categories: VBA Data TypesLast Updated: September 23, 2023

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