Variables and Data Types in Excel VBA

Variables can store the information required to use in our programming. When we are working with data we deal with different type of data,so we need required different types of variables to store the data. In this session will discuss how to declare a variable and different types of variables available in VBA.

How to Declare a Variable

We need to use Dim or Dimension statement to declare a variable in VBA as shown below:
[code language="vb"]
Dim <Variable Name> as <Data Type>
Variable Name: Name of the variable which we want to declare, follow the following rules while choosing a variable name:

  1. 1. It must be less than 255 characters
  2. 2. Blank Spaces and special characters are not allowed
  3. 3. It must not begin with a number (it should begin with a character or an underscore)
  4. 4. You can not use reserved keywords:

Some Valid Example of Variable Names:


Some Invalid Example of Variable Names:

int Sal

Tip! Variable name should convince the data and data type, so that user can quickly understand the variable

Data Type: We can devide the data types in to 2 parts for our understanding purpose.

1. Numeric Type:

The following are the data types to deal with numeric data (byte type data,integer data,double data ,etc…)

Data Type NameTypeData Range and Remarks
ByteNumericWhole number between 0 and 255.
IntegerNumericWhole number between -32,768 and 32,767.
LongNumericWhole number between – 2,147,483,648 and 2,147,483,647.
CurrencyNumericFixed decimal number between -922,337,203,685,477.5808 and 922,337,203’685,477.5807.
SingleNumericFloating decimal number between -3.402823E38 and 3.402823E38.
DoubleNumericFloating decimal number between -1.79769313486232D308 and 1.79769313486232D308.

2. Non-Numeric Type

The following are the data types to deal with non-numeric data (string type data,date type data,time type data ,etc…)

Data Type NameTypeData Range and Remarks
DateDateDate and time.
BooleanBooleanTrue or False.
ObjectObjectMicrosoft Object.
VariantAny typeDefault type if the variable is not declared with any data type. It will accept any kind of data.

And the variant data type will accept any type of data:

Data Type NameTypeData Range and Remarks
VariantAny typeDefault type if the variable is not declared with any data type. It will accept any kind of data.
Variables and Data Types in Excel VBA – Example Programs

The following example adds two integers:

[code language="vb"]
Sub sbAddTwoValues()

'Variable Declaration
Dim intValuA As Integer
Dim intValuB As Integer
Dim intValuSum As Integer

'Initiating the Values
intValuA = 5000
intValuB = 10000

'Calculating the Total
intValuSum = intValuA + intValuB

'Showing the result in the message box
MsgBox intValuSum

End Sub

The following example accepts the user name (string) and show it in the message box

[code language="vb"]
Sub sbStringExample()

'Variable Declaration
Dim strUserName As String

'Accepting the data from the user
strUserName = InputBox("Enter Your Name")

'Showing it again in the message box
MsgBox "Hello!" & strUserName

End Sub


PNRao is a passionate business analyst and having close to 10 years of experience in Data Mining, Data Analysis and Application Development. This blog is his passion to learn new skills and share his knowledge to make you expertise in Data Analysis (Excel, VBA, SQL, SAS, Statistical Methods, Market Research Methodologies and Data Analysis Techniques).

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